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In 1933, Hitler became chancellor, or head, of the German government. Within two years, he ended democratic government. He crushed all rivals and created a totalitarian state under one party, the NSDAP. Citizens had to obey the government without question. Criticism of the government was not permitted. The government controlled the press, schools, and religion. Hitler's aids, the SA and SS, ensured that anybody openly voicing disapprovement with the government, its leader or its politics would silently "disappear". By brainwashing both adults and children, they turned Germany into a nation of traitors. Children would often give up their own parents.